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Fabric Analysis Covering Wool Worsted Silk Cotton Artific

 
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MessagePosté le: Mar 4 Juil - 22:19 (2017)    Sujet du message: Fabric Analysis Covering Wool Worsted Silk Cotton Artific Répondre en citant



Excerpt from Fabric Analysis: Covering Wool, Worsted, Silk, Cotton, Artificial Silks, Etc; From Fiber to Finished Fabric

The analysis of textile fabrics forms an interesting and at the same time most important subject for the designer, superintendent, manufacturer, the sales agent, as well as others connected with the textile industry.

The object aimed at is to ascertain by experience, tests and calculations, full details as to the construction and characteristics of a fabric, cost of its production, etc., items which, if carefully solved, mean success.

A complete fabric analysis comprises not only the pick ing out of the arrangement of interlacing warp and filling (the weave) but also ascertaining the nature of the materials the latter are composed of, their texture, quality, counts and twist of yarn used, weight of fabric per yard and amount for each different kind of yarn used in the con struction of the fabric; also the various processes commonly designated as dyeing and finishing the fabric has to be subjected to, to bring it into saleable condition for the market.

This complete analysis referred to may not always be necessary, in fact the experienced designer, in his line of goods, may rely very frequently on his experience only having made similar fabrics before - and in most instances can tell at a glance the construction and average cost of fabric. Such men, however, are few, and again even such men will come in contact with fabrics not as well acquainted with; the mill may change on a different class of goods, again a designer may change his connection to a mill making a different class of goods he has been accustomed to, features which may compel him to make at least a part if not the complete analysis.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.













.(Emanuel Anthony), 1858-1921 texts eye 2,881 favorite 0 comment 0 Claire TThe Physical Object Pagination 231 pCarney Library, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Collection ANDHIDE 2 MORE In CollectionThe Boston Library Consortium In CollectionAmerican Libraries Uploaded by LisaEgge on 10/6/2010 Views 1,305 Favorites 1 Co Collection umassdartmouthclairetcarney; blc; americana Digitizing sponsor Boston Library Consortium Member Libraries Contributor Claire TEdition Notes Series Hand books of the textile industry -- vanalysis finalAin Philadelphia Fabric analysis; covering wool, worsted, silk, cotton, artificial silk, etc

Carney Library, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Collection 706 706 Vol v.6 c.2: Cyclopedia of textile work : a general reference library on cotton, woollen and worsted yarn manufacture, weaving, designing, chemistry and dyeing, finishing, knitting, and allied subjects Sep 15, 2008 09/08 texts eye 706 favorite 0 comment 0 Claire TShare the flashcard by embedding it on your website or blog Textile Analysis Laboratory Quiz 1ProProfs Flashcards Shuffle Cards + - Preview Flashcards Front Back Filament Fibers Continuous in length (silky, thin, smooth, long frays, slippery, delicate-looking, translucent) Staple Fibers Limited in length (short, bulky, textured, dull, thick) Fiber natural or man-made; characteristics for being made into fabrics Fabric fibers that are made into yarns; can be woven or knit; processed fibers Filament Fabric (Examples) Velvet, Garbardine, Brocade, Satin, Charmeuse, Crepe, Chiffon, China Silk Staple Fabric (Examples) Flannel Tweed, Ratine, Flannel, Gingham, Denim, Crepe, Gabardine Which generic fibers occur in both staple and filament form? Silk, Polyester, Rayon, Nylon Which occur only in staple form? Wool, Cotton, Acrylic, Linen Physical Structure Components Length, Cross-Section Shape, Diameter, Surface Contour, Crimp, Fiber Parts Woolen A slightly irregular bulky wool or wool-like yarn that has not been combed Worsted A smooth, straight and uniform wool or wool-like yarn that has been processed to remove short fibers and make the remaining fibers more parallel Medulla An airy, honeycombed core present in some wool fibers Cortex The main part of wool fibers; it contains two cell types Cuticle A wax-like film covering the outermost layer of a cotton fiber Felting Refers to a method of producing a fabric directly from wool fibers by interlocking the fibers' scales Resiliency The ability to return to original shape after bending, twisting, compressing or a combination of these deformations Elongation The ability of a fiber to be stretched, extended or lengthened Elastic Recovery The ability of fibers to recover from strain Wool Fibers (Staple or Filament)? Staple Fine Type Fiber's Length Average 2 1/2 inches (Merino always fine) Fine Type Amount of Crimp 30 Twists Per Inch Medium/Coarse Length Larger range of length (5 to 15 inches, but can be shorter from 1 1/2 inches to 15) Medium/Coarse Amount of Crimp 1-5 Twists Per Inch How does crimp contribute to forming a yarn and textile? -Crimp can affect the texture of a textile-Increases the strength of the yarn because it helps individual fibers cling together Longitudinal View Can see the scale structure Cross-Sectional View Can see the inside if looking from above and cut open In which view was the medulla of the wool visible? Medium/Coarse Properties of Woolen Fabrics rough texture, itchy, lofty, heavy, hay-like, course, fuzzy Properties of Worsted Fabrics smoother, heavy, flat texture, crispy Woolen Fabric Types Flannel, Tweed, Melton, Herringbone, Boiled Wool Worsted Fabric Types Challis, Flannel, Jersey, Crepe, Gabardine, Bird's Eye Suiting, Double Knit Textile Equation Fiber+Yarn+Structure+Finish=Textile How do recycled wool fibers differ from their original state? -Worn fiber tip-Broken fibers-Shorter fibers-Scale loss How do recycled wool fabrics differ from their original state? -Rougher texture-Stiffer-Not pure Does virgin wool necessarily indicate superior quality? Yes, fibers are stronger.Related Flashcards LEKTION19BESCHTIGUNG EINER SPINNEREI visit to a textile mill Analysis Def Quiz Textile Testing Textile Science Fiber Properties Movement Analysis Quiz 3 Clinical Laboratory Microbiology: Tests (Exam 1) Hematology Quiz # 2 - Calcs and Manual Analysis laboratory/ clinical tests vocab for litTweed Spots of color; rough, bulky, scratchy, feels like an older blanket Melton thick, dull, felt-like, feels like a hotel blanket Gabardine Medium to light weight Challis Thin, flexible Remove Ad Removing ad is a premium feature Upgrade and get a lot more done! Upgrade Related Flashcards Lektion19beschtigung Einer Spinnerei Visit To A Textile MillAnalysis Def QuizTextile TestingTextile Science Fiber PropertiesMovement Analysis Quiz 3Clinical Laboratory Microbiology: Tests (exam 1)Hematology Quiz # 2 - Calcs And Manual Analysis Featured Flashcards Driving Permit in ArizonaPhlebotomy Chapter 8 (Tube Colors)Night by Elie WeiselMacroeconomis Chapter 4Science is 7 Forms of energyGeology 215 Test One Related TopicsClothingStyleProduct Remove Ad Removing ad is a premium feature Upgrade and get a lot more done! Upgrade 4 Carney Library, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Collection 414 414 Vol vFabric analysis covering wool, worsted, silk, cotton, artificial silk, etc(Emanuel Anthony), 1858-1921 texts eye 578 favorite 2 comment 0 Claire Tfrom fiber to finished fabric by Posselt, EA 48a4f088c3


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